Aquacultural fish farming is developing in Armenia rapidly. Over the past few years, the production of pond fish has increased significantly. In 2018. about 10 thousand were produced. T aquacultural fish. This year this figure can reach 12 thousand. tons. At the same time, anxious trends are also observed, in particular, attempts to monopolization of the industry. About this and other problems in the conversation with the corr. “DE” is told by the director of the oldest fish farm of the country of Aquatekhavtomatika CJSC Arkady Gevorkyan.
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— The enlargement of farms, of course, helps to increase production volumes, says Arkady Fedorovich. — Large and rich farms introduce new technologies, use modern methods of growing fish. But at the same time this process leads to the monopolization of the industry. As a result, small and medium farms are not able to compete with large. Many of them, unable to withstand competition, are ruined, which means that jobs are also reduced. I believe that this process must be adjusted. One of the possible outputs is the creation of structures, companies specializing in marketing products. After all, if large farms can independently sell their products, including in foreign markets, then small and medium -sized sometimes unable to sell it even in the local market. Hence the problems, hence the ruin of these farms.
An interesting trend is generally observed in our country. While some industry is just emerging, forming, large capital looks at the “fuss” of small entrepreneurs through his fingers. But as soon as this business gets on its feet and begins to bring tangible income, large capital is interested, enters this area and begins to displace the middle and small business. This applies to our industry. Armenia is a small country, we have no right to follow the path of monopolization of the economy.
The situation is also aggravated by monopolization of trade. Manufacturers of aquacultural fish, and most other food products, were dependent on the monopoly buyer – several large supermarket networks that have not been good for all suppliers. Today, in fact, only 1-2 large retail chains remained, which dictate their conditions and prices for manufacturers. And even if, as it was announced, another large network of supermarkets – French Carrefour will enter the Armenian market, I’m not sure that this will change the situation. It is necessary that the state engages in this radically, otherwise hundreds of small stores of walking distance will disappear in the country. And this, as you know, is also a social problem.